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ustring.h

// -*- c++ -*-
#ifndef _GLIBMM_USTRING_H
#define _GLIBMM_USTRING_H

/* $Id: ustring.h 4 2005-05-13 20:47:18Z taybin $ */

/* Copyright (C) 2002 The gtkmm Development Team
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Library General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free
 * Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#include <glib/gmacros.h>
#include <glib/gunicode.h>
#include <glibmm/unicode.h>

#include <iosfwd>
#include <iterator>
#include <string>

#include <glibmmconfig.h>
GLIBMM_USING_STD(bidirectional_iterator_tag)
GLIBMM_USING_STD(reverse_iterator)
GLIBMM_USING_STD(string)
GLIBMM_USING_STD(istream)
GLIBMM_USING_STD(ostream)

#ifdef GLIBMM_HAVE_STD_ITERATOR_TRAITS
GLIBMM_USING_STD(iterator_traits)
#else
#include <cstddef> /* for ptrdiff_t */
GLIBMM_USING_STD(random_access_iterator_tag)
#endif


namespace Glib
{

#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS
#ifndef GLIBMM_HAVE_STD_ITERATOR_TRAITS

template <class T>
struct IteratorTraits
{
  typedef typename T::iterator_category iterator_category;
  typedef typename T::value_type        value_type;
  typedef typename T::difference_type   difference_type;
  typedef typename T::pointer           pointer;
  typedef typename T::reference         reference;
};

template <class T>
struct IteratorTraits<T*>
{
  typedef std::random_access_iterator_tag iterator_category;
  typedef T                               value_type;
  typedef ptrdiff_t                       difference_type;
  typedef T*                              pointer;
  typedef T&                              reference;
};

template <class T>
struct IteratorTraits<const T*>
{
  typedef std::random_access_iterator_tag iterator_category;
  typedef T                               value_type;
  typedef ptrdiff_t                       difference_type;
  typedef const T*                        pointer;
  typedef const T&                        reference;
};

#endif /* GLIBMM_HAVE_STD_ITERATOR_TRAITS */
#endif /* DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS */


/** The iterator type of Glib::ustring.
 * Note this is not a random access iterator but a bidirectional one,
 * since all index operations need to iterate over the UTF-8 data.  Use
 * std::advance() to move to a certain position.  However, all of the
 * relational operators are available:
 * <tt>==&nbsp;!=&nbsp;<&nbsp;>&nbsp;<=&nbsp;>=</tt>
 *
 * A writeable iterator isn't provided because:  The number of bytes of
 * the old UTF-8 character and the new one to write could be different.
 * Therefore, any write operation would invalidate all other iterators
 * pointing into the same string.
 */
template <class T>
00100 class ustring_Iterator
{
public:
  typedef std::bidirectional_iterator_tag   iterator_category;
  typedef gunichar                          value_type;
  typedef std::string::difference_type      difference_type;
  typedef value_type                        reference;
  typedef void                              pointer;

  inline ustring_Iterator();
  inline ustring_Iterator(const ustring_Iterator<std::string::iterator>& other);

  inline value_type operator*() const;

  inline ustring_Iterator<T> &     operator++();
  inline const ustring_Iterator<T> operator++(int);
  inline ustring_Iterator<T> &     operator--();
  inline const ustring_Iterator<T> operator--(int);

  explicit inline ustring_Iterator(T pos);
  inline T base() const;

private:
  T pos_;
};


/** Extract a UCS-4 character from UTF-8 data.
 * Convert a single UTF-8 (multibyte) character starting at @p pos to
 * a UCS-4 wide character.  This may read up to 6 bytes after the start
 * position, depending on the UTF-8 character width.  You have to make
 * sure the source contains at least one valid UTF-8 character.
 *
 * This is mainly used by the implementation of Glib::ustring::iterator,
 * but it might be useful as utility function if you prefer using
 * std::string even for UTF-8 encoding.
 */
gunichar get_unichar_from_std_iterator(std::string::const_iterator pos) G_GNUC_PURE;


/** Glib::ustring has much the same interface as std::string, but contains
 * %Unicode characters encoded as UTF-8.
 *
 * @par About UTF-8 and ASCII
 * @par
 * The standard character set ANSI_X3.4-1968&nbsp;-- more commonly known as
 * ASCII&nbsp;-- is a subset of UTF-8.  So, if you want to, you can use
 * Glib::ustring without even thinking about UTF-8.
 * @par
 * Whenever ASCII is mentioned in this manual, we mean the @em real ASCII
 * (i.e. as defined in ANSI_X3.4-1968), which contains only 7-bit characters.
 * Glib::ustring can @em not be used with ASCII-compatible extended 8-bit
 * charsets like ISO-8859-1.  It's a good idea to avoid string literals
 * containing non-ASCII characters (e.g. German umlauts) in source code,
 * or at least you should use UTF-8 literals.
 * @par
 * You can find a detailed UTF-8 and %Unicode FAQ here:
 * http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/unicode.html
 *
 * @par Glib::ustring vs. std::string
 * @par
 * Glib::ustring has implicit type conversions to and from std::string.
 * These conversions do @em not convert to/from the current locale (see
 * Glib::locale_from_utf8() and Glib::locale_to_utf8() if you need that).  You
 * can always use std::string instead of Glib::ustring&nbsp;-- however, using
 * std::string with multi-byte characters is quite hard.  For instance,
 * <tt>std::string::operator[]</tt> might return a byte in the middle of a
 * character, and <tt>std::string::length()</tt> returns the number of bytes
 * rather than characters.  So don't do that without a good reason.
 * @par
 * In a perfect world the C++ Standard Library would contain a UTF-8 string
 * class.  Unfortunately, the C++ standard doesn't mention UTF-8 at all.  Note
 * that std::wstring is not a UTF-8 string class because it contains only
 * fixed-width characters (where width could be 32, 16, or even 8 bits).
 *
 * @par Glib::ustring and stream input/output
 * @par
 * The stream I/O operators, that is operator<<() and operator>>(), perform
 * implicit charset conversion to/from the current locale.  If that's not
 * what you intented (e.g. when writing to a configuration file that should
 * always be UTF-8 encoded) use ustring::raw() to override this behaviour.
 * @par
 * If you're using std::ostringstream to build strings for display in the
 * user interface, you must convert the result back to UTF-8 as shown below:
 * @code
 * std::ostringstream output;
 * output.imbue(std::locale("")); // use the user's locale for this stream
 * output << percentage << " % done";
 * label->set_text(Glib::locale_to_utf8(output.str()));
 * @endcode
 *
 * @par Implementation notes
 * @par
 * Glib::ustring does not inherit from std::string, because std::string was
 * intended to be a final class.  For instance, it does not have a virtual
 * destructor.  Also, a HAS-A relationship is more appropriate because
 * ustring can't just enhance the std::string interface.  Rather, it has to
 * reimplement the interface so that all operations are based on characters
 * instead of bytes.
 */
00200 class ustring
{
public:
  typedef std::string::size_type                        size_type;
  typedef std::string::difference_type                  difference_type;

  typedef gunichar                                      value_type;
  typedef gunichar &                                    reference;
  typedef const gunichar &                              const_reference;

  typedef ustring_Iterator<std::string::iterator>       iterator;
  typedef ustring_Iterator<std::string::const_iterator> const_iterator;

#ifndef GLIBMM_HAVE_SUN_REVERSE_ITERATOR

  typedef std::reverse_iterator<iterator>               reverse_iterator;
  typedef std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator>         const_reverse_iterator;

#else

  typedef std::reverse_iterator<iterator,
                                iterator::iterator_category,
                                iterator::value_type,
                                iterator::reference,
                                iterator::pointer,
                                iterator::difference_type> reverse_iterator;
  typedef std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator,
                                const_iterator::iterator_category,
                                const_iterator::value_type,
                                const_iterator::reference,
                                const_iterator::pointer,
                                const_iterator::difference_type> const_reverse_iterator;

#endif /* GLIBMM_HAVE_SUN_REVERSE_ITERATOR */

#ifdef GLIBMM_HAVE_ALLOWS_STATIC_INLINE_NPOS
  static const size_type npos = std::string::npos;
#else
  //The IRIX MipsPro compiler says "The indicated constant value is not known",
  //so we need to initalize the static member data elsewhere.
  static const size_type npos;
#endif

  /*! Default constructor, which creates an empty string.
   */
  ustring();
  
  ~ustring();

  /*! Construct a ustring as a copy of another ustring.
   * @param other A source string.
   */
  ustring(const ustring& other);

  /*! Assign the value of another string to this string.
   * @param other A source string.
   */ 
  ustring& operator=(const ustring& other);

  /*! Swap contents with another string.
   * @param other String to swap with.
   */
  void swap(ustring& other);

  /*! Construct a ustring as a copy of another std::string.
   * @param src A source <tt>std::string</tt> containing text encoded as UTF-8.
   */
  ustring(const std::string& src);

  /*! Construct a ustring as a copy of a substring.
   * @param src %Source ustring.
   * @param i Index of first character to copy from.
   * @param n Number of characters to copy (defaults to copying the remainder).
   */
  ustring(const ustring& src, size_type i, size_type n=npos);

  /*! Construct a ustring as a partial copy of a C string.
   * @param src %Source C string encoded as UTF-8.
   * @param n Number of characters to copy.
   */
  ustring(const char* src, size_type n);

  /*! Construct a ustring as a copy of a C string.
   * @param src %Source C string encoded as UTF-8.
   */
  ustring(const char* src);

  /*! Construct a ustring as multiple characters.
   * @param n Number of characters.
   * @param uc UCS-4 code point to use.
   */  
  ustring(size_type n, gunichar uc);

  /*! Construct a ustring as multiple characters.
   * @param n Number of characters.
   * @param c ASCII character to use.
   */  
  ustring(size_type n, char c);

  /*! Construct a ustring as a copy of a range.
   * @param pbegin Start of range.
   * @param pend End of range.
   */  
  template <class In> ustring(In pbegin, In pend);


//! @name Assign new contents.
//! @{

  ustring& operator=(const std::string& src);
  ustring& operator=(const char* src);
  ustring& operator=(gunichar uc);
  ustring& operator=(char c);

  ustring& assign(const ustring& src);
  ustring& assign(const ustring& src, size_type i, size_type n);
  ustring& assign(const char* src, size_type n);
  ustring& assign(const char* src);
  ustring& assign(size_type n, gunichar uc);
  ustring& assign(size_type n, char c);
  template <class In> ustring& assign(In pbegin, In pend);

//! @}
//! @name Append to the string.
//! @{

  ustring& operator+=(const ustring& src);
  ustring& operator+=(const char* src);
  ustring& operator+=(gunichar uc);
  ustring& operator+=(char c);
  void push_back(gunichar uc);
  void push_back(char c);

  ustring& append(const ustring& src);
  ustring& append(const ustring& src, size_type i, size_type n);
  ustring& append(const char* src, size_type n);
  ustring& append(const char* src);
  ustring& append(size_type n, gunichar uc);
  ustring& append(size_type n, char c);
  template <class In> ustring& append(In pbegin, In pend);

//! @}
//! @name Insert into the string.
//! @{

  ustring& insert(size_type i, const ustring& src);
  ustring& insert(size_type i, const ustring& src, size_type i2, size_type n);
  ustring& insert(size_type i, const char* src, size_type n);
  ustring& insert(size_type i, const char* src);
  ustring& insert(size_type i, size_type n, gunichar uc);
  ustring& insert(size_type i, size_type n, char c);

  iterator insert(iterator p, gunichar uc);
  iterator insert(iterator p, char c);
  void     insert(iterator p, size_type n, gunichar uc);
  void     insert(iterator p, size_type n, char c);
  template <class In> void insert(iterator p, In pbegin, In pend);

//! @}
//! @name Replace sub-strings.
//! @{

  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, const ustring& src);
  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, const ustring& src, size_type i2, size_type n2);
  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, const char* src, size_type n2);
  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, const char* src);
  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, size_type n2, gunichar uc);
  ustring& replace(size_type i, size_type n, size_type n2, char c);

  ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, const ustring& src);
  ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, const char* src, size_type n);
  ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, const char* src);
  ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, size_type n, gunichar uc);
  ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, size_type n, char c);
  template <class In> ustring& replace(iterator pbegin, iterator pend, In pbegin2, In pend2);

//! @}
//! @name Erase sub-strings.
//! @{

  void clear();
  ustring& erase(size_type i, size_type n=npos);
  ustring& erase();
  iterator erase(iterator p);
  iterator erase(iterator pbegin, iterator pend);

//! @}
//! @name Compare and collate.
//! @{

  int compare(const ustring& rhs) const;
  int compare(const char* rhs)    const;
  int compare(size_type i, size_type n, const ustring& rhs) const;
  int compare(size_type i, size_type n, const ustring& rhs, size_type i2, size_type n2) const;
  int compare(size_type i, size_type n, const char* rhs, size_type n2) const;
  int compare(size_type i, size_type n, const char* rhs) const;

  /*! Create a unique sorting key for the UTF-8 string.  If you need to
   * compare UTF-8 strings regularly, e.g. for sorted containers such as
   * <tt>std::set<></tt>, you should consider creating a collate key first
   * and compare this key instead of the actual string.
   *
   * The ustring::compare() methods as well as the relational operators
   * <tt>==&nbsp;!=&nbsp;<&nbsp;>&nbsp;<=&nbsp;>=</tt> are quite costly
   * because they have to deal with %Unicode and the collation rules defined by
   * the current locale.  Converting both operands to UCS-4 is just the first
   * of several costly steps involved when comparing ustrings.  So be careful.
   */
  std::string collate_key() const;

  /*! Create a unique key for the UTF-8 string that can be used for caseless
   * sorting.  <tt>ustr.casefold_collate_key()</tt> results in the same string
   * as <tt>ustr.casefold().collate_key()</tt>, but the former is likely more
   * efficient.
   */
  std::string casefold_collate_key() const;

//! @}
//! @name Extract characters and sub-strings.
//! @{

  /*! No reference return; use replace() to write characters. */
  value_type operator[](size_type i) const;

  /*! No reference return; use replace() to write characters. @throw std::out_of_range */
  value_type at(size_type i) const;

  inline ustring substr(size_type i=0, size_type n=npos) const;

//! @}
//! @name Access a sequence of characters.
//! @{

  iterator begin();
  iterator end();
  const_iterator begin() const;
  const_iterator end()   const;
  reverse_iterator rbegin();
  reverse_iterator rend();
  const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const;
  const_reverse_iterator rend()   const;

//! @}
//! @name Find sub-strings.
//! @{

  size_type find(const ustring& str, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find(const char* str, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type find(const char* str, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find(gunichar uc, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find(char c, size_type i=0) const;

  size_type rfind(const ustring& str, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type rfind(const char* str, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type rfind(const char* str, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type rfind(gunichar uc, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type rfind(char c, size_type i=npos) const;

//! @}
//! @name Match against a set of characters.
//! @{

  size_type find_first_of(const ustring& match, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_of(const char* match, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type find_first_of(const char* match, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_of(gunichar uc, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_of(char c, size_type i=0) const;

  size_type find_last_of(const ustring& match, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_of(const char* match, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type find_last_of(const char* match, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_of(gunichar uc, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_of(char c, size_type i=npos) const;

  size_type find_first_not_of(const ustring& match, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_not_of(const char* match, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type find_first_not_of(const char* match, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_not_of(gunichar uc, size_type i=0) const;
  size_type find_first_not_of(char c, size_type i=0) const;

  size_type find_last_not_of(const ustring& match, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_not_of(const char* match, size_type i, size_type n) const;
  size_type find_last_not_of(const char* match, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_not_of(gunichar uc, size_type i=npos) const;
  size_type find_last_not_of(char c, size_type i=npos) const;

//! @}
//! @name Retrieve the string's size.
//! @{

  /** Returns true if the string is empty. Equivalent to *this == "".
   * @result Whether the string is empty.
   */
  bool empty()  const;

  /** Returns the number of characters in the string, not including any null-termination.
   * @result The number of UTF-8 characters.
   *
   * @see bytes(), empty() 
   */
  size_type size()   const;

  //We have length() as well as size(), because std::string has both.

  /** This is the same as size().
   */
  size_type length() const;
  
  /** Returns the number of bytes in the string, not including any null-termination.
   * @result The number of bytes.
   *
   * @see size(), empty()
   */
  size_type bytes()  const;

//! @}
//! @name Change the string's size.
//! @{

  void resize(size_type n, gunichar uc);
  void resize(size_type n, char c='\0');

//! @}
//! @name Control the allocated memory.
//! @{

  size_type capacity() const;
  size_type max_size() const;
  void reserve(size_type n=0);

//! @}
//! @name Get a per-byte representation of the string.
//! @{

  inline operator std::string() const; // e.g. std::string str = ustring();
  inline const std::string& raw() const;

  // Not necessarily an ASCII char*. Use g_utf8_*() where necessary.
  const char* data()  const;
  const char* c_str() const;

  /*! @return Number of copied @em bytes, not characters. */
  size_type copy(char* dest, size_type n, size_type i=0) const;

//! @}
//! @name UTF-8 utilities.
//! @{

  /*! Check whether the string is valid UTF-8. */
  bool validate() const;

  /*! Check whether the string is valid UTF-8. */
  bool validate(iterator& first_invalid);

  /*! Check whether the string is valid UTF-8. */
  bool validate(const_iterator& first_invalid) const;

  /*! Check whether the string is plain 7-bit ASCII. @par
   * Unlike any other ustring method, is_ascii() is safe to use on invalid
   * UTF-8 strings.  If the string isn't valid UTF-8, it cannot be valid
   * ASCII either, therefore is_ascii() will just return @c false then.
   * @return Whether the string contains only ASCII characters.
   */
  bool is_ascii() const;

  /*! "Normalize" the %Unicode character representation of the string. */
  ustring normalize(NormalizeMode mode = NORMALIZE_DEFAULT_COMPOSE) const;

//! @}
//! @name Character case conversion.
//! @{

  /*! Returns a new UTF-8 string with all characters characters converted to
   * their lowercase equivalent, while honoring the current locale.  The
   * resulting string may change in the number of bytes as well as in the
   * number of characters.  For instance, the German sharp&nbsp;s
   * <tt>&quot;&szlig;&quot;</tt> will be replaced by two characters
   * <tt>"SS"</tt> because there is no capital <tt>&quot;&szlig;&quot;</tt>.
   */
  ustring uppercase() const;

  /*! Returns a new UTF-8 string with all characters characters converted to
   * their lowercase equivalent, while honoring the current locale.  The
   * resulting string may change in the number of bytes as well as in the
   * number of characters.
   */
  ustring lowercase() const;

  /*! Returns a caseless representation of the UTF-8 string.  The resulting
   * string doesn't correspond to any particular case, therefore the result
   * is only useful to compare strings and should never be displayed to the
   * user.
   */
  ustring casefold() const;

//! @}

private:

#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS

#ifdef GLIBMM_HAVE_STD_ITERATOR_TRAITS
  template <class In, class ValueType = typename std::iterator_traits<In>::value_type>
#else
  template <class In, class ValueType = typename Glib::IteratorTraits<In>::value_type>
#endif
  struct SequenceToString;
  
  //The Tru64 compiler needs these partial specializations to be declared here,
  //as well as defined later. That's probably correct. murrayc.
  template <class In>
  struct SequenceToString<In, char>;

  template <class In>
  struct SequenceToString<In, gunichar>;
  
  /*
  template <>
  struct ustring::SequenceToString<Glib::ustring::iterator, gunichar>;

  template <>
  struct ustring::SequenceToString<Glib::ustring::const_iterator, gunichar>;
  */
  
#endif /* DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS */

  std::string string_;
};


#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS

template <class In, class ValueType>
struct ustring::SequenceToString
{};

template <class In>
struct ustring::SequenceToString<In, char> : public std::string
{
  SequenceToString(In pbegin, In pend);
};

template <class In>
struct ustring::SequenceToString<In, gunichar> : public std::string
{
  SequenceToString(In pbegin, In pend);
};

template <>
struct ustring::SequenceToString<Glib::ustring::iterator, gunichar> : public std::string
{
  SequenceToString(Glib::ustring::iterator pbegin, Glib::ustring::iterator pend);
};

template <>
struct ustring::SequenceToString<Glib::ustring::const_iterator, gunichar> : public std::string
{
  SequenceToString(Glib::ustring::const_iterator pbegin, Glib::ustring::const_iterator pend);
};

#endif /* DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS */


/** Stream input operator.
 * @relates Glib::ustring
 * @throw Glib::ConvertError
 */
std::istream& operator>>(std::istream& is, Glib::ustring& utf8_string);

/** Stream output operator.
 * @relates Glib::ustring
 * @throw Glib::ConvertError
 */
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& os, const Glib::ustring& utf8_string);


/***************************************************************************/
/*  Inline implementation                                                  */
/***************************************************************************/

#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS

/**** Glib::ustring_Iterator<> *********************************************/

template <class T> inline
ustring_Iterator<T>::ustring_Iterator(T pos)
:
  pos_ (pos)
{}

template <class T> inline
T ustring_Iterator<T>::base() const
{
  return pos_;
}

template <class T> inline
ustring_Iterator<T>::ustring_Iterator()
:
  pos_ ()
{}

template <class T> inline
ustring_Iterator<T>::ustring_Iterator(const ustring_Iterator<std::string::iterator>& other)
:
  pos_ (other.base())
{}

template <class T> inline
typename ustring_Iterator<T>::value_type ustring_Iterator<T>::operator*() const
{
  return Glib::get_unichar_from_std_iterator(pos_);
}

template <class T> inline
ustring_Iterator<T>& ustring_Iterator<T>::operator++()
{
  pos_ += g_utf8_skip[static_cast<unsigned char>(*pos_)];
  return *this;
}

template <class T> inline
const ustring_Iterator<T> ustring_Iterator<T>::operator++(int)
{
  const ustring_Iterator<T> temp (*this);
  this->operator++();
  return temp;
}

template <class T> inline
ustring_Iterator<T>& ustring_Iterator<T>::operator--()
{
  do --pos_; while((*pos_ & '\xC0') == '\x80');
  return *this;
}

template <class T> inline
const ustring_Iterator<T> ustring_Iterator<T>::operator--(int)
{
  const ustring_Iterator<T> temp (*this);
  this->operator--();
  return temp;
}

#endif /* DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS */


/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00749 bool operator==(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() == rhs.base());
}

/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00756 bool operator!=(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() != rhs.base());
}

/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00763 bool operator<(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() < rhs.base());
}

/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00770 bool operator>(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() > rhs.base());
}

/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00777 bool operator<=(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() <= rhs.base());
}

/** @relates Glib::ustring_Iterator */
template <class T> inline
00784 bool operator>=(const ustring_Iterator<T>& lhs, const ustring_Iterator<T>& rhs)
{
  return (lhs.base() >= rhs.base());
}


#ifndef DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS

/**** Glib::ustring::SequenceToString **************************************/

template <class In>
ustring::SequenceToString<In,char>::SequenceToString(In pbegin, In pend)
:
  std::string(pbegin, pend)
{}

template <class In>
ustring::SequenceToString<In,gunichar>::SequenceToString(In pbegin, In pend)
{
  char utf8_buf[6]; // stores a single UTF-8 character

  for(; pbegin != pend; ++pbegin)
  {
    const std::string::size_type utf8_len = g_unichar_to_utf8(*pbegin, utf8_buf);
    this->append(utf8_buf, utf8_len);
  }
}


/**** Glib::ustring ********************************************************/

template <class In>
00816 ustring::ustring(In pbegin, In pend)
:
  string_ (Glib::ustring::SequenceToString<In>(pbegin, pend))
{}

template <class In>
ustring& ustring::assign(In pbegin, In pend)
{
  Glib::ustring::SequenceToString<In> temp_string (pbegin, pend);
  string_.swap(temp_string); // constant-time operation
  return *this;
}

template <class In>
ustring& ustring::append(In pbegin, In pend)
{
  string_.append(Glib::ustring::SequenceToString<In>(pbegin, pend));
  return *this;
}

template <class In>
void ustring::insert(ustring::iterator p, In pbegin, In pend)
{
  string_.insert(p.base(), Glib::ustring::SequenceToString<In>(pbegin, pend));
}

template <class In>
ustring& ustring::replace(ustring::iterator pbegin, ustring::iterator pend, In pbegin2, In pend2)
{
  string_.replace(
      pbegin.base(), pend.base(),
      Glib::ustring::SequenceToString<In>(pbegin2, pend2));
  return *this;
}

// The ustring methods substr() and operator std::string() are inline,
// so that the compiler has a fair chance to optimize the copy ctor away.

inline
ustring ustring::substr(ustring::size_type i, ustring::size_type n) const
{
  return ustring(*this, i, n);
}

inline
ustring::operator std::string() const
{
  return string_;
}

inline
const std::string& ustring::raw() const
{
  return string_;
}

#endif /* DOXYGEN_SHOULD_SKIP_THIS */


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
inline
00877 void swap(ustring& lhs, ustring& rhs)
{
  lhs.swap(rhs);
}


/**** Glib::ustring -- comparison operators ********************************/

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00886 inline bool operator==(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) == 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00890 inline bool operator==(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) == 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00894 inline bool operator==(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) == 0); }


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00899 inline bool operator!=(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) != 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00903 inline bool operator!=(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) != 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00907 inline bool operator!=(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) != 0); }


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00912 inline bool operator<(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) < 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00916 inline bool operator<(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) < 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00920 inline bool operator<(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) > 0); }


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00925 inline bool operator>(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) > 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00929 inline bool operator>(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) > 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00933 inline bool operator>(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) < 0); }


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00938 inline bool operator<=(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) <= 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00942 inline bool operator<=(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) <= 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00946 inline bool operator<=(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) >= 0); }


/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00951 inline bool operator>=(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) >= 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00955 inline bool operator>=(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { return (lhs.compare(rhs) >= 0); }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00959 inline bool operator>=(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { return (rhs.compare(lhs) <= 0); }


/**** Glib::ustring -- concatenation operators *****************************/

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00966 inline ustring operator+(const ustring& lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { ustring temp (lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00970 inline ustring operator+(const ustring& lhs, const char* rhs)
  { ustring temp (lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00974 inline ustring operator+(const char* lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { ustring temp (lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00978 inline ustring operator+(const ustring& lhs, gunichar rhs)
  { ustring temp (lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00982 inline ustring operator+(gunichar lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { ustring temp (1, lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00986 inline ustring operator+(const ustring& lhs, char rhs)
  { ustring temp (lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

/** @relates Glib::ustring */
00990 inline ustring operator+(char lhs, const ustring& rhs)
  { ustring temp (1, lhs); temp += rhs; return temp; }

} // namespace Glib


#endif /* _GLIBMM_USTRING_H */


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